The science

Contents What is a Logical Error Violation of the law of identity Violation of the law of the excluded third Logical errors of thinking Sophisms How to expose sophisms Paralogisms Logical paradoxes How to avoid logical errors Logical errors are what each of us has. In this article we will look at examples of logical errors that, one way or another, are found in our daily life.

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The Universe-25 experiment is a scientific study, during which the most comfortable living conditions were created for a population of mice. Rodents had an abundance of food and water, they were not threatened by predators, and there was also enough space for breeding. However, by the end of the experiment, all mice had become extinct. We will tell you about why this happened, and what significance it has for science in general and for humanity in particular, right now.

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Occam's razor is a methodological principle calling for giving preference to simple theories over complex ones (if both are confirmed by practice). Named after the monk-philosopher William Ockham. In this article we describe the principle of Occam's razor in simple language, and also analyze how it is applicable in science and everyday life.

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What is logic, and why is logical thinking so important for a person? Answer this question is not difficult, because the logic surrounds us literally everywhere. The knowledge and application of its laws can seriously change your life, opening up before you the tremendous thinking possibilities of a person. Our goal is to give you an idea of ​​what logic is, as briefly as possible, but without prejudice to the meaning.

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Our world is arranged incomprehensible way. The laws of nature are studied throughout the history of mankind, but we are still infinitely far from comprehending the true essence of things. No matter how much Einstein tried to discover the formula of "everything", he failed. However, science stubbornly continues to study the laws of the universe.

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What is ball lightning, and why has this mystery still not been studied by science? What lies behind the mystical appearance of the mysterious bunch of energy, which medieval Europeans were so afraid of? There is an opinion that these are envoys of extraterrestrial civilizations or in general, beings endowed with reason. But is it really?

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Milgram's experiment is an experiment in social psychology conducted by Stanley Milgram in 1963. This psychologist studied at Yale University. This experiment received wide publicity and popularity, both in scientific and social circles. Some scientists called this experience one of the most violent in the history of psychology.

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The Delphi method is a method of quick search for solutions based on their generation in the process of brainstorming conducted by a group of specialists and the selection of the best solution based on expert assessments. The Delphi method is used in cases where an assessment of the effectiveness of solutions is required. It is applicable both in everyday life and in the professional field of activity.

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Perhaps one of you heard such a phrase as "Schrodinger's cat." However, for most people, this name does not mean anything. If you consider yourself a thinking subject, and even claim to be an intellectual, you should definitely find out what Schrödinger's cat is and why he became famous in science.

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Every day we have to deal with math. And this is not surprising, because it is not by chance that she is called the queen of sciences. Figures follow us everywhere and without them it is impossible to imagine the modern world. Now we consider the most interesting facts about mathematics, which will be fun for everyone and understandable even to children.

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What is pedagogy, and which 3 pedagogical methods are the most famous in the world? We will answer these questions in this post. To begin with, it should be understood that the pedagogical education of the child is one of the most important areas of any civilization. After all, it depends on what will be humanity in the future. As Sergey Mikhalkov said: “Today children are the people tomorrow”.

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Surely you know what the rule is five seconds. If not, we will tell you. A long time ago, a peculiar legend arose, stating that food quickly picked up from the floor was not considered to have fallen. That is, the microbes, in the few seconds that the food was on the floor, do not have time to “attack” it. Of course, this statement is relevant only in respect of solid and dry food items: cookies, bread, fruit, etc.

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In the 21st century, we hear economic news through the media every day. That is why the concept of GDP, if it is not known to us, then, at least, is often heard. But what does it mean? What is GDP, and why is modern science so closely monitoring this indicator? These are the questions we will answer in this article.

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I read an article on what GDP is, you might be interested in such a thing as purchasing power parity (PPP). It is easy to guess that the science of economics does not stand still and is constantly developing, inventing new tools for managing the global market for goods and services. For the first time this theory was justified by the Swedish economist Karl Gustav Kassel.

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Interesting facts from the world of medicine sometimes give us surprising surprises. For example, do you know what chromosomes are and how they affect a person? We propose to understand this issue in order to once and for all dot the "i". Looking at family photographs, you might have noticed that members of the same kinship resemble each other: children - like parents, parents - like grandparents.

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Have you ever thought about why the twins are alike? After all, it can not be not interesting to those who are interested in medicine or just interesting facts about a person. Gemini is an exception to the rule. They have the same set of genes, because they evolved from one fertilized egg cell, which was divided in half, and each of its halves became a separate organism.

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What is the human genome? How long has this term been used in science and medicine, and why is this concept so important today? The human genome is the totality of hereditary material enclosed in a human cell. It consists of 23 pairs of chromosomes. Genes are separate parts of DNA. Each of them is responsible for some sign or part of the body: height, eye color, etc.

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What are scientific facts? This is always interesting and useful information. However, sometimes it requires careful analysis, and because of the complexity of some people it seems easier to refuse to consider the issue under study. But we are not looking for easy ways! We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the concept of the Pareto chart.

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Have you ever thought that the real sizes of countries differ from those shown on geographic maps? In principle, such scientific facts would be of no interest to a Soviet schoolchild, since all the students knew about them, even with average academic performance. However, nowadays, the data given in the article can shock some members of the new generation of young people.

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Recently, it is increasingly possible to hear smart conversations on the subject of the fact that, say, the human development index (HDI) in this or that state is low, or vice versa, is high. We propose to deal with what it is, because it is, of course, about scientific facts! It all started in 1990. It was then that a group of economists, led by Pakistani Makhbub-ul-Haq, developed this index.

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