How did Lawrence Beria prove himself during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) interests many people who are interested in history. After all, he was the second man after Joseph Stalin, as a result of which he had enormous weight in the Soviet state. That is why the attention to his figure is so great.
In this article we will look at the period of the Great Patriotic War in the context of the life of the state and party leader Lavrenti Beria.
During the Great Patriotic War, Lawrence Beria proved himself as an excellent business executive. At that time, he was a constant adviser to the General Headquarters of the Supreme Command, deputy chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and Commissar of Internal Affairs.
Occupying such high posts, he actually became the right hand of Comrade Stalin. Without his knowledge, no serious issues were resolved in the state.
An interesting fact is that Beria began to develop an evacuation plan a couple of years before the start of the war. According to his order, over 2,000 sites were prepared on the territory of Siberia, where, if necessary, industrial enterprises could be located. As time shows, the fears of Lavrentiy Pavlovich turned out to be not unreasonable.
As a result, already on the first day of the Great Patriotic War - June 22, 1941, an emergency evacuation of all strategically important objects was started. In a matter of months, more than 1,500 industries and about a million Soviet citizens were sent to Siberia.
Every day, under the continuous railway bombing, various equipment was exported. As a result, thanks to such successful actions, almost all the equipment that the fascists could get was transported to the rear.
At the beginning of the war, Soviet border guards took the brunt of Hitler’s army. In battles with the enemy, they showed unprecedented courage, as a result of which they were able to slow down the Nazi offensive, although at the cost of great human losses. It is interesting that here Lavrenty Beria proved himself as a good tactician.
The future Marshal of the USSR in advance made sure that the border troops had the best weapons. All the soldiers were equipped with automatic weapons, which allowed the German invaders to give a fitting rebuff.
Beria’s son, Sergo Lavrentievich, also emphasized that the achievements of the border guards were based not only on their heroism, but also on the high level of military training and armament.
According to Sergo Beria, his father signed a decree according to which any frontier post had to be supplied with artillery and anti-tank equipment.
On the first day of the Great Patriotic War, a special group was formed within the structure of the NKVD, which was to be engaged in reconnaissance and sabotage activities in the rear of the occupiers.
The most famous band members were Pavel Sudoplatov and Naum Eitingon. They carried out quite a few successful military operations, being subordinate to Lavrenti Beria.
Once, when both operatives asked Beria to release a number of state security officers from prison, explaining his request with a shortage of professionals, he asked: "Can't you do without the enemies of the people?" The answer was no.
Ultimately, the People's Commissar agreed to release from the camps of qualified staff, who soon found themselves in the Special Group.
In her book, Beria, Stalin's Last Knight, Elena Prudnikova provides specific information reflecting the actions of the internal troops. In the German rear during the Great Patriotic War 2222 NKVD-NKGB operative groups worked.
During this time, saboteurs achieved the following indicators:
- 229,000 German soldiers killed;
- destroyed - 2 852 train;
- blown up - 1326 bridges.
By the end of the war, the Special Group was also able to perform perfectly. She successfully engaged in cleansing Eastern Europe from German partisans, collaborators and nationalists.
An interesting fact is that, by order of Lavrenty Beria, only those NKVD employees who served in this structure for at least one year could participate in such operations. This was due to the fact that such work was distinguished by increased complexity.
June 30, 1941 Lawrence Beria is a member of the State Committee of Defense, and six months later, a number of extremely important responsibilities fall on his shoulders. He will follow the production of tanks, aircraft and ammunition.
In addition, Beria had to oversee the work of the rubber, oil, coal, metallurgical, chemical and electrical industries. Soon he was also instructed to manage the water and rail transport.
In early 1943, the German edition of the Black Corps wrote:
In some incredible way, new masses of people, equipment and military equipment appear every day from the immense Russian steppes. One gets the impression that a certain wizard makes techniques from Siberian clay.
The merits of Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria before the Soviet Union were marked by the highest state awards. In September 1943, he was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor, and in July 1945 - Marshal of the USSR.
In the period 1943-1944. Beria was the main initiator of the deportation of the peoples of the North Caucasus. However, few people know that by the autumn of 1942 he came to the Caucasus on a completely different occasion.
The fact is that Adolf Hitler considered the Caucasus as an extremely important region. It was here that the Germans planned to fill the shortage of food, oil and other raw materials. Thus, until November 1942, it was the Caucasus, and not the Stalingrad direction, that had the greatest weight for the German leadership.
The Fuhrer sent to the Caucasus army "A", the number of which exceeded 170,000 fighters. In addition, more than 1,100 tanks, 4,500 guns and mortars, as well as about 1,000 aircraft were thrown there.
In his report to Stalin, Semyon Budyonny complained of the acute shortage of soldiers and military equipment. At that time, he possessed only 24,000 warriors and 94 aircraft, without having a single tank. In addition, ammunition, medicines and food were running out.
After Lavrenty Beria visited the Caucasus, the situation has changed significantly. Commissar ordered to improve the power of the troops who fought on the passes. Since that time, condensed milk and chocolate appeared in their rations.
Almost every visit of Beria to this region led to important personnel changes. On August 31, 1942, the Soviet leadership, including Joseph Stalin, supported the proposal of the People's Commissar to unite two fronts — the North Caucasus and the Transcaucasian. As time will tell, this decision was the only correct one.
Today Lavrenty Beria is treated differently, but as a rule he is more often exposed in a negative light. Whatever it was, he managed to perfectly manifest himself during the Great Patriotic War and make a great contribution to the victory over Nazi Germany.