Interesting facts about the war of 1812 - This is a great opportunity from different sides to look at the large-scale war between the French and Russian empires in Russia.
Thousands of books have been written about this military conflict and dozens of films have been made. For Napoleon Bonaparte, this conflict was the beginning of the end of all his achievements in the military and political arenas.
So, before you are the most interesting facts about the Patriotic War of 1812.
17 interesting facts about the war of 1812
- After losing the war, many French prisoners remained in Russia. Later they managed to settle down in the winning country. Many former prisoners of war earned a living by teaching the French language to representatives of the then nobility.
- Before the attack on Russia, Napoleon’s army consisted of half a million soldiers. One half of them were French (see interesting facts about France), and the other half were hired warriors from different European states.
- An interesting fact is that there were many cases when serfs were united in military units, with the aim of attacking Russian troops. The fact is that Napoleon promised freedom to the peasants, for which reason some Russians supported the French emperor (see interesting facts about Napoleon).
- In parallel with the attack on Moscow, Bonaparte attempted to attack Petersburg. However, on this front, French troops suffered a crushing fiasco.
- It is curious that the total weight of the equipment of the Russian soldier who participated in the Patriotic War of 1812 was 45 kg, which is almost equivalent to a large bag of cement!
- Initially, Alexander 1 wanted to personally lead the Russian army, but since he was not the best tactician and strategist, the generals convinced the emperor to return to St. Petersburg.
- Perhaps the most popular partisan during the Patriotic War of 1812 was Denis Davydov. This hussar and poet entered into the most terrible and perilous battles, disturbing the French rears and flanks. However, he always managed to disappear together with his warriors before reinforcements came to the enemy. For the great damage inflicted on the French and his cunning, Davydov was honored to become Napoleon’s personal enemy.
- A significant contribution to the victory over Bonaparte’s army was made not only by Kutuzov, but also by the Scottish general Michael Barclay de Tolly. Even 5 years before the start of the war, he drew up a military plan for the Russian tsar in case of an attack by the French.
- The winter in which Napoleon’s army went to war against Russia was particularly severe. According to the documents, on the way from Moscow to the western borders about 400,000 French and Russian soldiers were killed, half of which were frozen.
- An interesting fact is that the word "sharomyga" is derived from French. cher ami - "dear friend" (from the treatment of soldiers of Napoleon’s retreating army for help or mercy).
- It turns out that several years before the beginning of the Patriotic War of 1812, Napoleon twice wanted to marry one or the other sister of Alexander 1. However, each time, the French commander was refused. Obviously, if he had then become the Russian emperor, the war would have been avoided.
- In his diary, Alexander 1 wrote that although the French are brave, they will not be able to resist the harsh Russian winters.
- Did you know that since at that time many nobles preferred to speak French, they were often fired by their own warriors, as they thought they were firing at the enemy?
- At the height of the Patriotic War of 1812, Bonaparte 4 times offered Alexander a truce, but each time the king ignored these proposals.
- After the war, the Russians captured about 200,000 French, most of whom wanted to stay in Russia.
- The Patriotic War of 1812 is the most studied event in relation to any other event in the thousand-year history of Russia before 1917.
- More than 15 thousand books, articles and essays were written about the war of 1812. The most famous work is, of course, "War and Peace" by Leo Tolstoy.