Interesting facts about Irkutsk - it is an opportunity to get more knowledge about Russia in general, and about Siberia in particular. The city is the largest research and educational center of the Russian Federation, where more than 100,000 students study.
The aircraft industry, hydropower and food production are actively developed here. Next, we consider the most interesting facts about Irkutsk.
22 interesting facts about Irkutsk
- Since Irkutsk is located not far from a seismically active Baikal reef, weak earthquakes constantly occur here.
- Irkutsk was founded in 1661 as a citadel to protect against the attack of opponents.
- An interesting fact is that the unofficial names of Irkutsk are: Middle of the Earth, East Paris, Siberian Petersburg and Siberian Athens.
- Another fire that occurred in Irkutsk in 1898 killed 11 citizens and left thousands of people homeless. In addition, the province’s documents burned in flames, along with tens of thousands of books and museum exhibits.
- In 1898, the first train arrived in Irkutsk via the Trans-Siberian Railway.
- Did you know that although Irkutsk is located in a seismically dangerous zone, in the entire history of earthquakes, not a single person died yet?
- The Irkutsk flag and coat of arms depict a black babr (in the Old Russian meaning panther, a leopard or a tiger), holding a strangled sable in its mouth.
- Irkutskenergo is the largest energy organization not only in Irkutsk, but throughout the Russian Federation.
- It is curious that in Irkutsk, anyone can visit the museum, located on the icebreaker "Angara" - one of the oldest icebreakers on the planet.
- Another unique museum is located in the building of the SIZO No. 1. Here visitors can get acquainted with the exhibits associated with the Irkutsk prison lock. An interesting fact is that this building is over two centuries old.
- You may be surprised, but many locals consider Irkutsk the geographical center of the Russian Federation.
- In Irkutsk for a long period of time was the city, which was banished political criminals. For example, the Decembrists served their sentences here.
- Most tourists come to Irkutsk to see Baikal - the deepest lake in the world.
- Trams started walking here shortly after the war ended. In this case, the first time travel to them was completely free.
- In 1946, Rossiyskaya Street became the first in Irkutsk, where asphalt pavement appeared.
- In 2018, townspeople celebrated the 200th anniversary of the founding of Irkutsk State University.
- There are over a thousand historical and architectural monuments in the city.
- An interesting fact is that on the train approaching Irkutsk, the famous ballerun Rudolf Nuriev was born.
- In 1863, the first store opened in Irkutsk, where Chinese goods were sold.
- Did you know that among team sports the most popular in the city is hockey?
- In the Irkutsk State Art Museum. V. P. Sukachev you can see works by Repin, Aivazovsky, Vereshchagin, Shishkin, Kuinji, Roerich, Serov and many others.
- In 1869, the first kindergarten was opened in Irkutsk for children from 4 to 8 years old.